Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease which is characterized by high blood sugar levels. This is due to either low amount of insulin secreted by the body or because the body does not respond well to insulin, known as insulin resistance.
The World Diabetes Day is celebrated to raise awareness about diabetes and to focus on key issues to control the rising number of diabetics. This year’s theme for World Diabetes Day 2016 is “Eyes on Diabetes” aimed at testing for the presence of diabetes and diabetic complications.
A large number of people still remain undiagnosed, either due to lack of knowledge or due to poor access to testing facilities. It is estimated that one out of two adults with diabetes is undiagnosed, underscoring the need for better testing methods and improved understanding among people.
Diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular disease, blindness and kidney failure. It can even lead to the loss of a leg with poor prognosis. The good news is that 9 out of 10 people at a risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent it by altering their lifestyle .
The first step towards better diabetes care is to identify risk factors. Diabetes can be caused both by genetic factors as well as lifestyle choices. Genetic factors are strong contributors among Indians, who develop diabetes one to two decades earlier than their western counterparts. In India the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes is as much as 20% in some places.
A simple blood test will aid in identifying the presence of high blood sugar, while a saliva based genetic test will identify the risk for diabetes even before symptoms set in. The genetic test can inform whether certain genetic variants are present in the family that confer higher risk of diabetes. This serves as an early alert system so that preventive lifestyle changes can be made to avoid developing diabetes. Yes, its entirely possibly to prevent diabetes in 95% of the cases.
A simple saliva based genetic test can reveal the genetic predisposition to diabetes and other metabolic conditions. Xcode’s Health Genetics test can tell you what versions of these genes are in your DNA. Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 91-95432-89999 to find out more.