The Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is associated with the synthesis of Vitamin D receptor, a cell membrane receptor that binds to vitamin D. Specific alleles of this gene are known to either increase or decrease the sensitivity of the body to the effects of Vitamin D. This receptor is involved in the intestinal transport of calcium, iron and other minerals. Variants of the gene are shown to be associated with changes in the levels of vitamin D levels and power.
Vitamin D plays an important role in stimulating calcium absorption and also in bone mineralization by promoting osteoblast differentiation.
A study conducted on identifying hand grip strength, which is a indicative of muscle strength, showed that there was a significant association between taq1 polymorphism and muscle strength. People with the C variant of the gene are found to be better at power based activities than endurance.
[Advantage] More likely to have higher Vitamin D levels
[Advantage] Better muscle growth and bone density on strength training
|CT||Moderate Vitamin D level|
[Limitation] More likely to have lower Vitamin D levels
[Limitation] Lower level of muscle growth and bone density on strength training
“Nutrigenetics, fitness genetics, health genetics are all nascent but rapidly growing areas within human genetics. The information provided herein is based on preliminary scientific studies and it is to be read and understood in that context.”